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Greenmount -

a Pathway to Success



Know that different types of pencils or media make different marks on a surface.  

Know that some make thicker/thinner marks and others make darker/lighter marks.  

Identify and then draw components of plants and trees.  

Know the effect of light/darker lines, thinner/thicker lines on what they are drawing.  

Know how to draw parts of humans.  

Revise parts of the head and extend to: shoulders, neck, hair, arms coming from shoulders, eyebrows, etc. 

Use a full grip of three fingered grip when drawing.  

Using drawing media, create basic shapes that represent objects.  

Add to exiting shape to create different effects e.g. hairstyles.  

Know how to represent different textures of an object using pencils, chalk and charcoal. 

Know that different apparatus and pressure can make thick or thin lines. 

Year One


M S Escher

Know how dots can be used to make something look darker/lighter.   

Know that a pencil grip can change how marks are applied on a surface. E.g. held closely to the tip increases the amount of control you have.  

Know that when you hold a pencil close to the tip, will increase control and detail.  

Know what hatching is and its effect in making drawings.  

Know the effect of diagonal and vertical lines when drawing.  

Know that pencils have different grades. HB is used for writing and sketching.   

Apply sketched lines to record initial ideas.  

Apply lines that follow basic contours and outlines of shapes from observation.  

Apply different tones (dark, mid and light) by a change in pressure.  

Add detail into a drawing by using horizontal, vertical or diagonal lines or dots and know these terms. 

Know how to draw a face and a closer study of the eye. 

Learn how to look carefully and to draw what you see not what you think you see.   

Year Two


Artist: Pablo Picasso

Know how to shade.  

Know that holding the pencil close to the point will help control and detail, further towards the end creates loose sketching.  

Know how to follow basic contours and outlines of shapes from observation.  

Know how to draw and eye. Know that refining lines increases the accuracy of their drawing.  

Know how to shade by drawing in certain directions. 

Know how to sketch by holding the pencil further towards the end for loose sketching.  

Sketching is more fluid and expressive when using a grip suitable for purpose.  

Know that when lines are refined, they will appear sharper.   

Know what ‘tone’ means.  

Know that tones can be blended together from light, mid to dark using a pencil.  

Know that a pencil must be used at an angle when applying different tones.  

Begin to blend tones or gradients using appropriate pressure.  

Can begin to follow the contour lines of a shape when shading (directional shading).  

Can choose a position of the pencil based on purpose. E.g. angled to apply tone. 

Know how to use shading and lines to create a study of the human body or a portrait. 

Year Three


Architect: Marcus Vitruvius Pollio

Know that tone can create contrast in a drawing (difference between light and dark).  

Know that H pencils are hard and will produce light marks – best for technical drawing.  

Know that B pencils are soft and will produce darker tones – best used for tonal drawings and shading.  

Know that directional shading can influence a shape’s 3D appearance.  

Know that cross hatching and hatching can be used to show areas of light and dark.  

Know that close and layered lines show darker areas of an object.  

Know that refining lines, shapes, tonal gradients will help to create a more accurate and realistic outcome.  

Know what a still life is. 

Know how to draw circles and use directional marks to depicts circular objects.  

Use shading, their objects can begin to possess form.  

Know what contrast means and how the blending of tones is smooth without clear intervals of contrast.  

Use cross hatching to show areas of dark and light areas of an object.  

In sketch books sketch objects with different pencil marks to test which is the best for an effect. 

Know that when lines that are closer together and layered show darker areas.  

Know how a range of marks and combination of marks create depth and form in drawings: loops, stippling, dabbing.  

In sketch books try the different marks drawing buildings and still life studies. 

Draw still life from different positions. 

Know what realism means. 

Know how to use pencil and shading to show detail. 

Year Four


Artists: Hiberno Saxon (Lindisfarne Gospels)

Know which pencils they must use based on their properties. E.g. 2B pencil would be appropriate for mid to dark tones.  

Know that texture can be manipulated via different methods and techniques such as layering, stippling and different types of mark making.  

Know that they can measure shapes from observation using a scaling method using their thumb and pencil. 

Know that when drawing from observation, they must consistently look at the subject to gauge accurate shape, form, tone and proportion.  

Identify areas of shadow and light and blend tones accurately to create soft gradients.  

Follow the contours of a shape to show its shape.  

Composition allows for a balanced drawing.  

Know that the composition of an artwork can affect its focal point. 

Annotate the work of artists in sketch books and explain how they created their art. 

Draw buildings and still life compositions with more detail and using different mark making apparatus. 

Year Five


Artist: L S Lowry

Architect: Joseph Paxton

In sketch books analyse sketches, drawings and architecture,  Look at form, light, shadow, reflection and use technical art terms in annotation.  

Know that 3D objects have a tactile texture and when this is captured in a drawing it is called implied texture.  

To know that perspective allows artists to portray form in their artwork.  

Know how to draw areas of light and shadow in an observational drawing.  

Know how to draw reflection. 

Light and shadow is captured in the correct areas. 

Show a range of techniques to create texture e.g. stippling.  

Consider perspective when creating a drawing and composition.  

Know lines generally diminish at the vanishing point.  

Know that the horizon line is a horizontal line that runs across the paper or canvas to represent the viewer's eye level, or outline where the sky meets the ground.  

Know how to compose a drawing to make the viewers eye go on a journey.  

Know how to make scaling accurate using thumb and pencil. 

Composition allows for a balanced artwork. E.g. the focal point may not be centred but is in the foreground to highlight its importance.  

Draw light and shadow onto a drawing. 

Year Six


Artist and designer: Mary Kessell

Know that media for drawing can differ in purpose and can reflect a certain  or meaning. 

Know that an artist’s technique of applying lines, shapes and tone directly affects the aesthetic of an artwork.  

An expressive method of applying lines will create a sense of movement or an abstract work.  

Know that the drawing medium can be used in different ways to inform mood and can be used to reflect the subject matter. 

A more expressive range of drawing medium can be chosen and applied based on their properties, purpose or outcome.  

Can draw an object from different viewpoints using knowledge of perspective. 

Use directional shading to create form in a drawing.  

Show areas of light and shadow in an observational drawing. 

Shapes and lines are refined independently using controlled lines. Independently applies a range of techniques to create texture e.g. use of an eraser, stippling, crosshatching, surface etc.  

Know that depth in a drawing affects the scale of an object and its clarity.  

Know that different viewpoints and perspectives affects a shape’s appearance. E.g. profile of a face – some features may be unobservable.  

Know that a pencil can be used in different ways to inform mood and can be used to reflect the subject matter.  

Know that tone can affect the ability to create form e.g. dark = melancholy  

Know the concept of negative space and how artists use this in drawings. 

Create contrast within an artwork with clear control showing a smooth gradient where appropriate.